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How to Make an Emergency Outdoor Survival Shelter For Outdoor Survival

Grasp the fundamentals of building a one-person trash hut during an emergency or for outdoor camping experiences and survivalist training.

When camping, a debris hut is one of the most simple survival shelters to construct. This is because, with the exception of a few basic tools, you may gather all of your building materials for survival from the surrounding landscape. Making a debris hut is another something you can accomplish in a short amount of time to ensure that you have a secure shelter if you have to set up camp due to adverse weather.

How to make a one-person debris emergency hut

You'll need a long, robust branch as part of your survival training to create an effective shelter. If you're building an outdoor survival shelter for just one person, you'll want to choose a piece of wood that's about 1.5 times your height. This not only provides enough coverage on both ends of the shelter, but it also makes entering and exiting the survival shelter easier than if your debris hut was twice as long. You'll also be relying on your own body heat to keep warm, thus the smaller the shelter, the better.

You could get lucky and discover a fallen branch, but you'll probably have to cut it with a survival knife to make the primary support beam for your survival shelter.

Constructing a firm foundation for your shelter

You'll need to support the main branch after you've acquired it. When you're sitting, make sure the branch is two to three inches over the top of your head. You may use natural structures like rock outcroppings or support the branch between two trees. This branch has to be stable so you may place shorter branches, dead leaves, evergreen tree branches, and other insulating items against and over it. After you've laid the groundwork for your outdoor survival shelter, you can get down to business. 

To make a thick covering for your debris shelter, use items like dead leaves, tree branches, grasses, and ferns. In order to make a robust shelter that will keep wind and rain out of your space, you need lay a 3 foot covering of material in a cross hatch design. Cut evergreen branches with your survival knife to firm up the final layer and keep the trash in place.

Building your survival shelter's floor and door

You'll also need to build a floor for your survival shelter to keep warm and dry. Typically, pine and grasses, as well as dried leaves and ferns, form a superb insulating floor. A one-foot covering of trash will usually suffice, but make sure the material you select is dry because your body heat and the tight confines of the shelter will prevent excessive air movement and drying. Your survival shelter will also require a door. You can leave both ends open or use cross-hatched debris to seal one of them.

However, to really safeguard your surroundings, you should cut bigger evergreen branches with your survival knife so that they may be readily moved to both hide and camouflage the entryway to your shelter. 

3-minute video detailing how to build your own survival/emergency shelter


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